COMMENT: The first article below is the measure of how the EU distorts world trade and beggars poorer nations. It is not subsidies TO farmers that are the problem but EXPORT subsidies of EU produce. In this the EU accounts for the vast majority of such subsidies. _______ EU FARMERS THE BEST PROTECTED IN THE WORLD By Lisbeth Kirk, from EU OBSERVER, Wednesday 24 August 2005 The EU is the world's largest provider of export subsidies by far, providing 85 percent to 90 percent of the world's total, according to a new report from the US Congressional Budget Office. The report is published as work intensifies ahead of a crucial World Trade Organization (WTO) summit in Hong Kong in December. Developing nations are accusing the rich of using subsidies to lower international prices and hurt farmers in poor countries. In total, 64 out of 76 countries have reported to the WTO that they granted subsidies of some kind to farmers in at least one of the years from 1998 through 2004, the report said. But a few countries dominate the total dollar value of subsidies granted. The EU and the US each grant about one-third of the world's total - the EU a little more than the US because its agricultural sector is a little larger. The countries with the highest rates of total subsidy - that is, total subsidies as a percentage of agricultural output - are almost entirely high-income countries. Members of the European Free Trade Association (Iceland, Norway, and Switzerland-Liechtenstein) top the list, followed by Japan, the US, and the EU at substantially lower but still sizeable rates. Australia and New Zealand have very low rates of total subsidy. A substantial portion of agricultural production is protected from international competition by extreme tariffs - tariffs of over 100 percent. This holds true for 50 percent of eastern European production, 39 percent of EU production and 26 percent of US production, the report revealed. The EU provides over half of the world's most trade-distorting category of domestic support (so-called amber-box support), according to the American analysts. Amber-box support can be limited and reduced by the WTO's agriculture agreement. In contrast roughly 70 percent of US subsidies fall into the so-called green box, which is exempted from reduction requirements. The green box is for measures that were deemed to have little or no distorting effects on trade or production, such as income support that is decoupled from production. The EU has also pushed through reforms of its Common Agricultural Policy in recent years, aiming to decouple farm subsidies from production. The US report is mainly based on statistics from 2002 or earlier, so that enlargement of the EU and the 2002 US farm bill might have changed the picture. The Congressional Budget Office assists the US House and Senate Budget Committees, and the Congress more generally, by preparing reports and analyses.
Foilsithe 24 Lúnasa, 2005 ag NationalPlatform.Org